Adaptive sports are a unique experience for each individual. The following information is intended to give you a broad understanding of the adaptive disciplines we instruct and some of the equipment that is used in each of them. There are many adaptations and variations within each discipline.

Adaptive Alpine Skiing Equipment

Bi Ski Adaptive Equipment

Bi-Ski

Utilizes a bucket style seat with two skis underneath it. The bi-ski is designed for those who use a wheelchair or have difficulty walking or standing. A bi-ski can be skied independently like a mono-ski using the same type of handheld outriggers or can be skied with the assistance of an instructor using fixed outriggers and tethers (reins attached to the back of the bi-ski). Skiers turn by either moving their head and shoulders or by using handheld outriggers.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Enabling Technologies Dynamique
Mountain Man Bi-Ski
Hands On Concepts Glide
Enabling Technologies Bi-Unique

 

Bi-Unique

The Bi-Unique is used by almost every adaptive program around the world. It has set the standard for introductory sit skis and gives you the ability to ski as independently as your experience and abilities allow! Boasting the lowest center of gravity of any sit ski on the market, the Bi-Unique is easy for high level injuries to maneuver. Designed 20+ years ago, the Bi-Unique continues to be a resilient, versatile & long-lasting bi ski.

Dynamique

The Dynamique has proven itself as the ultimate bi ski and bridges the gap between the Bi-Unique and mono skis. Skiers and instructors alike are enjoying the unparalleled design of the Dynamique. An unprecedented load height, unique tension-ed load system, and performance suspension are just a few of the features that make the Dynamique an unbounded bi ski!

Monique

The Monique has proven itself as the ultimate program mono ski and bridges the gap between novice and upper echelon sit-skis by increasing stability and forgiveness. Unlike most monos, the Monique has a low center of gravity which promotes a slower transition from edge to edge and is forgiving to form flaws. Riding at under a foot off the ground, it sits 3-6″ lower than most monos on the market. Although it is a great learning tool, it has the capability to leave the greens behind!

Mono-Ski

Mono-Ski

Utilizes a bucket style seat with a single ski underneath it. Skier uses handheld outriggers for balance, typically made easier with strong arms, core strength and trunk balance. Unlike the bi ski, the mono ski can only be skied independently.

OAS Fleet Includes:
KBG Lynx
Enabling Technologies Monique 1
Praschberger Monoski
Freedom Factory Revolution

NRG Seat, Highback,

NRG Seat

The NRG Seating System is an option for skiers that require a high level of upper body and head support. The seat measures approximately 16″ wide at the waist.

Each seat is finished with over the shoulder / waist / thigh straps for security and side handles for instructors.  The seat comes predrilled for the Dynamique Bi Ski and includes the adjustable dump bracket.

Slide Unique

The second generation of the Slide Unique remains the lightest and most adjustable offering on the market. To meet the needs of stand up skiers the Slide Unique now offers a balance of infinite adjustment and strong hold through a combination of tooled clamps and pinned positions. Custom clamps have been sourced to improve ease of use while its custom boot allows tool-less size changes.

Snow Slider Adaptive Equipment

Snow Slider

Another variation of skiing for individuals with more severe balance challenges. A mounted frame that clicks into separate skis appears like a walker on skis and is tethered by a trained instructor. The stand-up skier uses their own boots and skis with the metal frame as support. This can be used long term or in a progression towards three track or four track skiing.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Enabling Technologies Slide Unique
Freedom Factory Snow Slider

Snow'Kart

Snow’Kart is designed for people who have a lack of strength in the upper body and/or who don’t have enough balance to ski with mono-ski or bi-ski. Thanks to the Easy Drive kit, the Snow’Kart is the only equipment in the world that could be driven by one hand.

Three Track Skiing

Three Track/Four Track

Three tracking and four tracking are for individuals who have the ability to stand on one leg or two but need the added balance and steering of using two outriggers. Three track skiers typically have one leg and two arms. Three trackers use a standard ski and two outriggers giving them three points of contact on the snow. Four track skiers have two legs and arms, natural or prostethic. They typically use standard skis and two outriggers, giving the skier four points of contact with the snow. Stand up outriggers are also sometimes used with a snowboard.

Two Track Ski Equipment

Two Track

Skier who can stand and maintain balance while in motion often use standard skis, although adaptive equipment (tethers, spacers, tip retention devices, etc.) may be used to aid in the learning of muscle movements.

Adaptive Cross Discipline Equipment

D-deaf and Hard of Hearing Skiing

Adaptations for individuals who are deaf/hard of hearing

Participants can receive instructions in ASL or spoken language, use personal hearing assistive devices to help minimize background noise if desired and work directly with an instructor who has the shared understanding of deaf/hh needs. OAS currently contracts local interpreters to assist on lessons.

two athletes on tandem bicycle

Adaptations for visual impairment

OAS staff and a number of volunteers are trained to be able to assist individuals with visual impairments. Guides are able to assist in a variety of ways such as calling turns for a skier, tandem paddling or cycling with an individual, or hiking alongside a participant and guide dog. Assistive Devices such as a radio system, a bell, trekking pole or rope can be used depending on the preference and needs of the students.

Adaptive Cycling Equipment

youth on hand cycle

Adaptive On-Road Handcycles and Recumbents

Handcycles work well for those athletes with limited leg strength or mobility. The pedals usually operated by the legs/feet are designed so that they be operated by the hands/arms instead. These bikes are usually configured in a recumbent or sitting position.

OAS On Road Fleet Includes:
Freedom Ryder FRH-1
Top End Force 2
Top End Excelerator
Top End Excelerator XLT
Kids – Quickie

cyclist on tandem bike in race

Tandem Bike

A tandem cycle is a cycle built for two individuals where the “captain” pilots the tandem bicycle, typically managing the steering and brakes. The “stoker” assists with pedaling. Tandem bikes are a good option for people with visual impairments or disabilities affecting balance.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Trek T900
Santana Sovereign
Hase Pino (recumbent in front)
Burley Tandem

Adaptive Golf Equipment

athlete hitting golf ball from solo rider adaptive golf cart

Adaptive Golf Cart

For individuals with lower body mobility or significant balance challenges, the adaptive golf carts are a great option. These golf carts have adaptations to not only make piloting them easier (gas, brakes, steerings) but also has a swiveling seat that tilts to help support the golfer in a standing position. Awbrey Glen Golf Club owns two of the SoloRider model adaptive golf carts which OAS has access to for programs.

girl kneeling arranging golf balls with clubs in the background

Golf Clubs

OAS has a number of standard golf club sets that can be used by individuals looking to golf.

Adaptive Hiking Equipment

group of people including one using a specialized wheelchair hiking at Smith Rock State Park

AdvenChair

Created by OAS Honorary Board Member and participant Geoff Babb, the AdvenChair is an off road wheelchair designed to get individuals off the beaten path and on to the trails previously seen as inaccessible. Participants with more significant mobility challenges can use this chair with the support of instructors and volunteers to explore new trails.

Interested in renting the AdvenChair for the day or learning more about this all-terrain wheelchair? Contact AdvenChair directly for more information!

Adaptive Mountain Biking Equipment

off road hand cyclist on trail

Adaptive Off-Road Handcycles and Recumbents

Handcycles work well for those athletes with limited leg strength or mobility. The pedals usually operated by the legs/feet are designed so that they be operated by the hands/arms instead. These bikes are usually configured in a recumbent or prone/kneeling position. 

OAS Fleet Includes:
Reactive Adaptations Nuke w/ E-Assist
Reactive Adaptations Bomber
Lasher All Terrain Handcycle
Lasher All Terrain Handcycle – Full Suspension w/ E-Assist

Kids – Reactive Adaptations Wildcat

Ice Full Fat

Bowhead RX

The Bowhead RX™ integrates the Bowhead FLOW™ articulating front-end from our award-winning Bowhead Reach™bike with the new single-pivot MX-style rear swingarm and suspension system for a nimble and agile ride. Traversing off-cambered and rough terrain is a breeze, and the RX provides endless opportunities for access and exploration whether you’re hammering down a paved road, navigating a gravel track, flowing cross-country, or shredding single-track mountain trails. The RX features the Bosch Performance CX eMTB motor and electronics system that provides seamless torque-sensing assistance, amplifying the power of arms by up to 3.5 times, and the electronic shifting SRAM Eagle 12-speed drivetrain. The motor and batteries are mounted mid-bike, through a superbike MotoGP-style aluminum subframe, to create the ideal low center of gravity and roll. The RX is uniquely tuned to each riders’ thirst-for- adventure profile to provide a truly custom experience.

E-Lasher ATH-FS

The ATH-FS is a rugged full suspension magnesium frame handcycle with Fox Shox shock absorbers on all three wheels. It is specifically designed for off road adventures with a patented front fork shock design that provides a smooth ride even in the most demanding terrain. Fully adjustable depth and angle seat back settings allow for a high degree of control and adjustment for maximum comfort. All wheel hydraulic disc brakes offer superior stopping power.

ICE Full Fat

An expedition-tough trike, originally designed for record-setting, the Full Fat combines durability, reliability and specialist features for conquering the most challenging terrain. Rough trails, sand, snow, and mud; if you pedal, it’ll take you there.

Lasher

More than an off-the-shelf handcycle with fat tires, the Lasher Sport ATH (All Terrain Handcycle) was specifically designed for use off road, yet is still very adept on the pavement. A generous 6” of ground clearance helps you get over rough trails and gnarly terrain. That’s enough clearance to pop up or drop down a standard height curb when biking in the concrete jungle.

Fully adjustable depth and angle seat back settings allow for a high degree of control and adjustment for maximum comfort. Front wheel hydraulic disc brake is standard with optional rear wheel brakes available.

Reactive Bomber

With reinforced tubing joints in areas of high stress throughout the frame, the Bomber RS has been built to withstand even the toughest tests on the trail, in the backcountry and yet stay lightweight and agile. The Bomber’s rear suspension provides improved ride quality, downhill speed control and improved traction uphill. The 24” wheels provide increased ground clearance, improved traction, increased speed, and a smoother ride. The replaceable derailleur hanger improves reliability on the trail and longevity for the frame when facing those close calls with rocks and logs.

This off-road handcycle is designed for a rider in the prone body position. This allows the rider to see the terrain ahead more easily and have the advantage of body weight over the crank set for added power. The primary steering is through a single, stock, mountain bike handlebar. This gives the rider the real mountain bike feel. The secondary steering is done through a chest pad. This chest pad has a flat design for decreased pressure points and improved comfort and control for both males and females. The knee rests are molded with fiberglass (see options for carbon fiber upgrades) for greater impact resistance, added strength and reduced weight. Knee rests are reinforced at knee bar area for greater strength and longevity.

Reactive Hammerhead Coming 2023

Based on the Bomber RS with reinforced tubing joints in areas of high stress throughout the frame, the Hammerhead has been built to withstand even the toughest tests on the trail and in the backcountry and yet stay lightweight and agile. The Hammerhead’s front and rear suspension provides improved ride quality, downhill speed control and improved traction uphill. The 26” wheels provide increased ground clearance, improved traction, increased speed, and a smoother ride. The replaceable derailleur hanger improves reliability on the trail and longevity for the frame when facing those close calls with rocks and logs.

This off-road handcycle is designed for a rider in the prone body position. This allows the rider to see the terrain ahead more easily, and have the advantage of body weight over the crank set for added power. The primary steering is through a single, stock, mountain bike handlebar. This gives the rider the real mountain bike feel. The secondary steering is done through a chest pad. This chest pad has a flat design for decreased pressure points and improved comfort and control for both males and females. The knee rests are molded with fiberglass (see options for carbon fiber upgrades) for greater impact resistance, added strength and reduced weight. Knee rests are reinforced at knee bar area for greater strength and longevity.

Reactive Nuke

The NUKE Off Road Recumbent handcycle is a unique, capable, rear wheel drive recumbent handcycle with rear suspension.  Rear wheel drive handcycles are superior and much more capable than their front wheel drive counterparts.  Traction and hill climbing with a rear wheel drive recumbent handcycle are second to none.  The Nuke was developed for riders not able to or not interested in riding in the prone position (kneeling, face down). The recumbent position is preferred by some riders.

The Nuke rear suspension provides improved ride quality, downhill speed control and improved traction uphill. The 24” wheels provide increased ground clearance, improved traction, increased speed, and a smoother ride. The frame joints in the Nuke are reinforced for integrity and reliability out on the trail.

Adaptive Nordic Skiing Equipment

Nordic Sit Skiing Adaptive Equipment

Nordic Sit Ski

Nordic skiing is a fun alternative to typical downhill skiing. OAS has two sit down nordic skis available for use on nordic lessons or nordic programming.

youth cross country skiing classic style

Nordic Skis

Nordic skiing is a fun alternative to typical downhill skiing. Nordic skiing is typically performed on flatter terrain using narrow skis with boots that can be raised off the ski at the heel when striding. There are two main types: classic and skate skiing.

Slide Unique

The second generation of the Slide Unique remains the lightest and most adjustable offering on the market. To meet the needs of stand up skiers the Slide Unique now offers a balance of infinite adjustment and strong hold through a combination of tooled clamps and pinned positions. Custom clamps have been sourced to improve ease of use while its custom boot allows tool-less size changes.

Adaptive Paddling Equipment

athlete kayaking using paddle support y bar on lake

Kayaking Adaptations

Kayaking can be adapted with both equipment and instruction. OAS uses a variety of adaptations to assist athletes when necessary including paddle supports, paddle grip attachment, different paddles and adaptive seats.

kayaker paddlin on lake

Solo Kayak

A great option for those who have previously paddled or want the autonomy of piloting their own watercraft. We have “sit-in” and “sit on top” styles available.

kayakers paddling in tandem boat in the pole pedal paddle race

Tandem Kayak

Tandem kayaks are two person kayaks where an athlete will paddle with a trained volunteer or staff member. These are great for first-time paddlers or those who need the assistance of a guide. OAS fleet includes both “sit-in” and “sit on top” styles.

Adaptive Rock Climbing Equipment

climber using adaptive seated harness and pull up bar

Climbing Harnesses

One of the most important parts of adaptive climbing is finding a harness setup that works for the climber. OAS uses standard climbing harnesses and/or other climbing harnesses to give the user the best possible climbing experience.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Misty Easy Seat Harness
Edelrid Flex Pro Harness
Edelrid Chest Harness
Metolius Chest Harness
Petzl Youth Harness
Metolius Waldo Harness

climber using wellman pulley system and pull up bar to climb in rock gym

Mechanical Advantage Pulley System

Based on the technique pioneered by Mark Wellman in Yosemite, this system uses a 3:1 mechanical advantage pulley system to either capture the progress of the climber or to assist the climber up the wall. Climber can choose to use the system on the rock wall or using the pull up bar and seated harness to ascend the rope separate from the wall.

Adaptive Snowboard Equipment

snowboarder going through trees

Snowboard

Most adaptive snowboard lessons employ a standard snowboard set up using progressions taught by the American Association of Snowboard Instructors.

snowboarder tethering other snowboarder

Snowboard Adaptations

If a snowboarder is in need of extra assistance beyond adapted teaching techniques, bamboo poles, tethers, hula hoops and/or the Rider Bar (adapted snowboard handlebar) may also be used.