Adaptive sports are a unique experience for each individual. The following information is intended to give you a broad understanding of the adaptive disciplines we instruct and some of the equipment that is used in each of them. There are many adaptations and variations within each discipline.

Adaptive Alpine Skiing Equipment

Bi Ski Adaptive Equipment

Bi-Ski

Utilizes a bucket style seat with two skis underneath it. The bi-ski is designed for those who use a wheelchair or have difficulty walking or standing. A bi-ski can be skied independently like a mono-ski using the same type of handheld outriggers or can be skied with the assistance of an instructor using fixed outriggers and tethers (reins attached to the back of the bi-ski). Skiers turn by either moving their head and shoulders or by using handheld outriggers.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Enabling Technologies Dynamique
Mountain Man Bi-Ski
HOC Glide
Enabling Technologies Bi-Unique

 

Mono-Ski

Mono-Ski

Utilizes a bucket style seat with a single ski underneath it. Skier uses handheld outriggers for balance, typically made easier with strong arms, core strength and trunk balance. Unlike the bi ski, the mono ski can only be skied independently.

OAS Fleet Includes:
KBG Lynx
Praschberger Monoski
Freedom Factory Revolution
Yeti

Snow Slider Adaptive Equipment

Snow Slider

Another variation of skiing for individuals with more severe balance challenges. A mounted frame that clicks into separate skis appears like a walker on skis and is tethered by a trained instructor. The stand-up skier uses their own boots and skis with the metal frame as support. This can be used long term or in a progression towards three track or four track skiing.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Enabling Technologies Slide Unique
Freedom Factory Snow Slider

Three Track Skiing

Three Track/Four Track

Three tracking and four tracking are for individuals who have the ability to stand on one leg or two but need the added balance and steering of using two outriggers. Three track skiers typically have one leg and two arms. Three trackers use a standard ski and two outriggers giving them three points of contact on the snow. Four track skiers have two legs and arms, natural or prostethic. They typically use standard skis and two outriggers, giving the skier four points of contact with the snow. Stand up outriggers are also sometimes used with a snowboard.

Two Track Ski Equipment

Two Track

Skier who can stand and maintain balance while in motion often use standard skis, although adaptive equipment (tethers, spacers, tip retention devices, etc.) may be used to aid in the learning of muscle movements.

Adaptive Cross Discipline Equipment

D-deaf and Hard of Hearing Skiing

Adaptations for individuals who are deaf/hard of hearing

Participants can receive instructions in ASL or spoken language, use personal hearing assistive devices to help minimize background noise if desired and work directly with an instructor who has the shared understanding of deaf/hh needs. OAS currently contracts local interpreters to assist on lessons.

two athletes on tandem bicycle

Adaptations for visual impairment

OAS staff and a number of volunteers are trained to be able to assist individuals with visual impairments. Guides are able to assist in a variety of ways such as calling turns for a skier, tandem paddling or cycling with an individual, or hiking alongside a participant and guide dog. Assistive Devices such as a radio system, a bell, trekking pole or rope can be used depending on the preference and needs of the students.

Adaptive Cycling Equipment

youth on hand cycle

On-Road Handcycle

Handcycles work well for those athletes with limited leg strength or mobility. The pedals usually operated by the legs/feet are designed so that they be operated by the hands/arms instead. These bikes are usually configured in a recumbent or sitting position.

OAS On Road Fleet Includes:
Freedom Ryder FRH-1
Top End Force 2
Top End Excelerator
Top End Excelerator XLT
Kids – Quickie

woman on recumbent trike riding outdoors

Recumbent Trike

For those who have strength or balance challenges, these three wheeled bikes offer a more stable platform to enjoy cycling than an upright two-wheeled bike. These bicycles are foot powered, easier on the back and can be adapted to fit a wide range of abilities. OAS has mostly on road variations as well as one off road fat trike, youth models and one with e-assist.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Cat Trike Expedition
Terra Trike Rover with E-Assist
Sun Trike
Ice Full Fat Trike

cyclist on tandem bike in race

Tandem Bike

A tandem cycle is a cycle built for two individuals where the “captain” pilots the tandem bicycle, typically managing the steering and brakes. The “stoker” assists with pedaling. Tandem bikes are a good option for people with visual impairments or disabilities affecting balance.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Trek T900
Santana Sovereign
Hase Pino (recumbent in front)
Burley Tandem

youth on recumbent tricycle

Youth Bikes

Youth benefit from the joys of riding a bike too! OAS has equipment to accommodate the needs of a range of younger individuals or they can work on using their own bike with the help of adapted instruction.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Mobo Recumbent Trike
Wahoo Recumbent Trailer Bike
Haro Kids Bike w/ Assist Bar
Giant Half Wheeler Trailer Bike
Quickie Youth Handcycle
Wildcat Kids Off Road Handcycle

Adaptive Golf Equipment

athlete hitting golf ball from solo rider adaptive golf cart

Adaptive Golf Cart

For individuals with lower body mobility or significant balance challenges, the adaptive golf carts are a great option. These golf carts have adaptations to not only make piloting them easier (gas, brakes, steerings) but also has a swiveling seat that tilts to help support the golfer in a standing position. Awbrey Glen Golf Club owns two of the SoloRider model adaptive golf carts which OAS has access to for programs.

girl kneeling arranging golf balls with clubs in the background

Golf Clubs

OAS has a number of standard golf club sets that can be used by individuals looking to golf.

Adaptive Hiking Equipment

hiking wheelchair with one support person pulling and one person pushing

Advenchair

Created by OAS Board Member and participant Geoff Babb, the Advenchair is an off road wheelchair designed to get individuals off the beaten path and on to the trails previously seen as inaccessible. Participants with more significant mobility challenges can use this chair with the support of instructors and volunteers to explore new trails.

Adaptive Mountain Biking Equipment

two mountain bikers riding on trails

Mountain Bike

Athletes with strong balance and mobility can use a standard upright two-wheeled mountain bike on an OAS program. Mountain bikes typically have a sturdy frame, deep-treaded tires and suspension for riding on off-road terrain.

off road hand cyclist on trail

Off-Road Handcycle

Handcycles work well for those athletes with limited leg strength or mobility. The pedals usually operated by the legs/feet are designed so that they be operated by the hands/arms instead. These bikes are usually configured in a recumbent or prone/kneeling position. 

OAS Fleet Includes:
Reactive Adaptations Nuke w/ E-Assist
Reactive Adaptations Bomber
Lasher All Terrain Handcycle
Lasher All Terrain Handcycle – Full Suspension w/ E-Assist
Kids – Reactive Adaptations Wildcat

 

woman on recumbent trike riding outdoors

Recumbent Trike

For those who have strength or balance challenges, these three wheeled bikes offer a more stable platform to enjoy cycling than an upright two-wheeled bike. These bicycles are foot powered, easier on the back and can be adapted to fit a wide range of abilities. OAS has mostly on road variations as well as one off road fat trike, youth models and one with e-assist.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Cat Trike Expedition
Terra Trike Rover with E-Assist
Sun Trike
Ice Full Fat Trike

youth on recumbent tricycle

Youth Bikes

Youth benefit from the joys of riding a bike too! OAS has equipment to accommodate the needs of a range of younger individuals or they can work on using their own bike with the help of adapted instruction.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Mobo Recumbent Trike
Wahoo Recumbent Trailer Bike
Haro Kids Bike w/ Assist Bar
Giant Half Wheeler Trailer Bike
Quickie Youth Handcycle
Wildcat Kids Off Road Handcycle

Adaptive Nordic Skiing Equipment

Nordic Sit Skiing Adaptive Equipment

Nordic Sit Ski

Nordic skiing is a fun alternative to typical downhill skiing. OAS has two sit down nordic skis available for use on nordic lessons or nordic programming.

youth cross country skiing classic style

Nordic Skis

Nordic skiing is a fun alternative to typical downhill skiing. Nordic skiing is typically performed on flatter terrain using narrow skis with boots that can be raised off the ski at the heel when striding. There are two main types: classic and skate skiing.

Adaptive Paddling Equipment

athlete kayaking using paddle support y bar on lake

Kayaking Adaptations

Kayaking can be adapted with both equipment and instruction. OAS uses a variety of adaptations to assist athletes when necessary including paddle supports, paddle grip attachment, different paddles and adaptive seats.

kayaker paddlin on lake

Solo Kayak

A great option for those who have previously paddled or want the autonomy of piloting their own watercraft. We have “sit-in” and “sit on top” styles available.

kayakers paddling in tandem boat in the pole pedal paddle race

Tandem Kayak

Tandem kayaks are two person kayaks where an athlete will paddle with a trained volunteer or staff member. These are great for first-time paddlers or those who need the assistance of a guide. OAS fleet includes both “sit-in” and “sit on top” styles.

Adaptive Rock Climbing Equipment

climber using adaptive seated harness and pull up bar

Climbing Harnesses

One of the most important parts of adaptive climbing is finding a harness setup that works for the climber. OAS uses standard climbing harnesses and/or other climbing harnesses to give the user the best possible climbing experience.

OAS Fleet Includes:
Misty Easy Seat Harness
Edelrid Flex Pro Harness
Edelrid Chest Harness
Metolius Chest Harness
Petzl Youth Harness
Metolius Waldo Harness

climber using wellman pulley system and pull up bar to climb in rock gym

Mechanical Advantage Pulley System

Based on the technique pioneered by Mark Wellman in Yosemite, this system uses a 3:1 mechanical advantage pulley system to either capture the progress of the climber or to assist the climber up the wall. Climber can choose to use the system on the rock wall or using the pull up bar and seated harness to ascend the rope separate from the wall.

Adaptive Snowboard Equipment

snowboarder going through trees

Snowboard

Most adaptive snowboard lessons employ a standard snowboard set up using progressions taught by the American Association of Snowboard Instructors.

Pole Rider Bar

Snowboard Adaptations

If a snowboarder is in need of extra assistance beyond adapted teaching techniques, bamboo poles, tethers and tip retention and/or the Rider Bar (adapted snowboard handlebar) may also be used.